The UK Kidney Association (UKKA) Disparities Report looks at age, sex, ethnicity, and social and economic factors among people with kidney failure.
We believe in sharing important data about kidney disease in the UK, especially when it increases awareness that kidney health is strongly influenced by people's backgrounds.
A 2018 document published by Kidney Research UK, written by UKKA members and staff, highlighted how kidney disease is more likely, progresses faster, and is associated with earlier death amongst people from more deprived backgrounds. It also progresses faster in people from Black, Asian and UK minority ethnic populations, who are also less likely to receive a transplant. Women are more likely to get kidney disease, but men are more likely to start dialysis. Older people are less likely to receive a transplant.
Organisations like the UKKA were advised in the report to make reporting and analysis of inequalities in kidney care part of their role and so we continue to do so.
Reporting of these disparities is the purpose of this document. We use the term ‘disparities’ as opposed to ‘inequalities’ for this report because it only looks at differences in the care and outcomes of patient groups. We are not able to provide insight on whether care and outcomes would be equal or fair, if all differences between the groups were considered.